Roberts Rules of Order and Parliamentary Procedure

Robert's Rules of Order is written by Henry Martyn Robert which is intended to be a guide for facilitating discussions and group decision-making. It provides common rules and procedures for deliberation and debate in order to place the whole membership on the same footing and speak the same language. According to Robert’s Rules of Order, parliamentary procedure is based on the consideration of the rights: of the majority, of the minority (especially a large minority greater than one-third), of individual members, of absentee members, and of all of these groups taken together.


Organizations using parliamentary procedure usually follow a fixed order of business. Below is a typical example:

1.   Call to order

2.   Roll call of members present

3.   Reading of minutes of last meeting

4.   Officers reports

5.   Committee reports

6.   Special orders --- Important business previously designated for consideration at this meeting

7.   Unfinished business

8.   New business

9.   Announcements